药物信息为50% DEXTROSEInjection, USP (Hospira, Inc.): PRECAUTIONS

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  • Do not use unless the solution is clear and seal is intact. Discard unused portion.

    Electrolyte deficits, particularly in serum potassium and phosphate, may occur during prolonged use of concentrated dextrose solutions. Blood electrolyte monitoring is essential and fluid and electrolyte imbalances should be corrected. Essential vitamins and minerals also should be provided as needed.

    To minimize hyperglycemia and consequent glycosuria, it is desirable to monitor blood and urine glucose and if necessary, add insulin.

    When a concentrated dextrose infusion is abruptly withdrawn, it is advisable to follow with the administration of 5% or 10% dextrose injection to avoid rebound hypoglycemia.

    Solutions containing dextrose should be used with caution in patients with known subclinical or overt diabetes mellitus.

    Care should be exercised to insure that the needle is well within the lumen of the vein and that extravasation does not occur. If thrombosis should occur during administration, the injection should be stopped and corrective measures instituted.

    Concentrated dextrose solutions should not be administered subcutaneously or intramuscularly.

  • Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility:

  • Studies with solutions in polypropylene syringes have not been performed to evaluate carcinogenic potential, mutagenic potential or effects on fertility.

  • Pregnancy Category C.

  • Animal reproduction studies have not been conducted with dextrose. It is also not known whether dextrose can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman or can affect reproduction capacity. Dextrose should be given to a pregnant woman only if clearly needed.

  • Nursing Mothers

  • It is not known whether this drug is excreted in human milk. Because many drugs are excreted in human milk, caution should be exercised when 50% Dextrose Injection, USP is administered to a nursing mother.

  • Drug Information Provided by National Library of Medicine (NLM).
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