药物信息为CEFAZOLIN FOR INJECTION USP (Hospira, Inc.): ADVERSE REACTIONS

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  • The following reactions have been reported:

  • Gastrointestinal

  • Diarrhea, oral candidiasis (oral thrush), vomiting, nausea, stomach cramps, anorexia, and pseudomembranous colitis. Onset of pseudomembranous colitis symptoms may occur during or after antibiotic treatment (see WARNINGS). Nausea and vomiting have been reported rarely.

  • Allergic

  • Anaphylaxis, eosinophilia, itching, drug fever, skin rash, Stevens-Johnson syndrome.

  • Hematologic

  • Neutropenia, leukopenia, thrombocytopenia, thrombocythemia.

  • Hepatic

  • Transient rise in SGOT, SGPT, and alkaline phosphatase levels has been observed. As with other cephalosporins, reports of hepatitis have been received.

  • Renal

  • As with other cephalosporins, reports of increased BUN and creatinine levels, as well as renal failure, have been received.

  • Local Reactions

  • Rare instances of phlebitis have been reported at site of injection. Pain at the site of injection after intramuscular administration has occurred infrequently. Some induration has occurred.

  • Other Reactions

  • Genital and anal pruritus (including vulvar pruritus, genital moniliasis, and vaginitis).

  • Cephalosporin-class Adverse Reactions

  • In addition to the adverse reactions listed above that have been observed in patients treated with cefazolin, the following adverse reactions and altered laboratory tests have been reported for cephalosporin-class antibiotics:

    Adverse Reactions: Allergic reactions, urticaria, serum sickness-like reaction, erythema multiforme, toxic epidermal necrolysis, colitis, renal dysfunction, toxic nephropathy, abdominal pain, reversible hyperactivity, hypertonia, hepatic dysfunction including cholestasis, aplastic anemia, hemolytic anemia, hemorrhage, and superinfection.

    Altered Laboratory Tests: Prolonged prothrombin time, positive direct Coombs’ test, false-positive test for urinary glucose, elevated bilirubin, elevated LDH, increased creatinine, pancytopenia, and agranulocytosis.

    Several cephalosporins have been implicated in triggering seizures, particularly in patients with renal impairment when the dosage was not reduced (see DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION). If seizures associated with drug therapy occur, the drug should be discontinued. Anticonvulsant therapy can be given if clinically indicated.

  • Drug Information Provided by National Library of Medicine (NLM).
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