药物信息为Lantus (Physicians Total Care, Inc.): 14 CLINICAL STUDIES

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  • The safety and effectiveness of LANTUS given once-daily at bedtime was compared to that of once-daily and twice-daily NPH insulin in open-label, randomized, active-controlled, parallel studies of 2,327 adult patients and 349 pediatric patients with type 1 diabetes mellitus and 1,563 adult patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (see Tables 8–11). In general, the reduction in glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) with LANTUS was similar to that with NPH insulin. The overall rates of hypoglycemia did not differ between patients with diabetes treated with LANTUS compared to NPH insulin [See Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

    Type 1 Diabetes–Adult (see Table 8).

    In two clinical studies (Studies A and B), patients with type 1 diabetes (Study A; n=585, Study B; n=534) were randomized to 28 weeks of basal-bolus treatment with LANTUS or NPH insulin. Regular human insulin was administered before each meal. LANTUS was administered at bedtime. NPH insulin was administered once daily at bedtime or in the morning and at bedtime when used twice daily.

    In another clinical study (Study C), patients with type 1 diabetes (n=619) were randomized to 16 weeks of basal-bolus treatment with LANTUS or NPH insulin. Insulin lispro was used before each meal. LANTUS was administered once daily at bedtime and NPH insulin was administered once or twice daily.

    In these 3 studies, LANTUS and NPH insulin had similar effects on HbA1c (Table 8) with a similar overall rate of hypoglycemia [See Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

    Table 8: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus–Adult
    Study AStudy BStudy C
    Treatment duration28 weeks28 weeks16 weeks
    Treatment in combination withRegular insulinRegular insulinInsulin lispro
    LANTUSNPHLANTUSNPHLANTUSNPH
    Number of subjects treated292293264270310309
    HbA1c
    Baseline HbA1c8.08.07.77.77.67.7
    Adj. mean change from baseline+0.2+0.1-0.2-0.2-0.1-0.1
    LANTUS - NPH+0.1+0.10.0
    95% CI for Treatment difference(0.0; +0.2)(-0.1; +0.2)(-0.1; +0.1)
    Basal insulin dose
    Baseline mean212329292828
    Mean change from baseline-20-4+2-5+1
    Total insulin dose
    Baseline mean485250515050
    Mean change from baseline-100+4-30
    Fasting blood glucose (mg/dL)
    Baseline mean167166166175175173
    Adj. mean change from baseline-21-16-20-17-29-12
    Body weight (kg)
    Baseline mean73.274.875.575.074.875.6
    Mean change from baseline0.1-0.00.71.00.10.5

    Type 1 Diabetes–Pediatric (see Table 9).

    In a randomized, controlled clinical study (Study D), pediatric patients (age range 6 to 15 years) with type 1 diabetes (n=349) were treated for 28 weeks with a basal-bolus insulin regimen where regular human insulin was used before each meal. LANTUS was administered once daily at bedtime and NPH insulin was administered once or twice daily. Similar effects on HbA1c (Table 9) and the incidence of hypoglycemia were observed in both treatment groups [See Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

    Table 9: Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus–Pediatric
    Study D
    Treatment duration28 weeks
    Treatment in combination withRegular insulin
    LANTUSNPH
    Number of subjects treated174175
    HbA1c
    Baseline mean8.58.8
    Adj. mean change from baseline+0.3+0.3
    LANTUS - NPH0.0
    95% CI for Treatment difference(-0.2; +0.3)
    Basal insulin dose
    Baseline mean1919
    Mean change from baseline-1+2
    Total insulin dose
    Baseline mean4343
    Mean change from baseline+2+3
    Fasting blood glucose (mg/dL)
    Baseline mean194191
    Adj. mean change from baseline-23-12
    Body weight (kg)
    Baseline mean45.544.6
    Mean change from baseline2.22.5

    Type 2 Diabetes–Adult (see Table 10).

    In a randomized, controlled clinical study (Study E) (n=570), LANTUS was evaluated for 52 weeks in combination with oral anti-diabetic medications (a sulfonylurea, metformin, acarbose, or combinations of these drugs). LANTUS administered once daily at bedtime was as effective as NPH insulin administered once daily at bedtime in reducing HbA1c and fasting glucose (Table 10). The rate of hypoglycemia was similar in LANTUS and NPH insulin treated patients [See Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

    In a randomized, controlled clinical study (Study F), in patients with type 2 diabetes not using oral anti-diabetic medications (n=518), a basal-bolus regimen of LANTUS once daily at bedtime or NPH insulin administered once or twice daily was evaluated for 28 weeks. Regular human insulin was used before meals, as needed. LANTUS had similar effectiveness as either once- or twice-daily NPH insulin in reducing HbA1c and fasting glucose (Table 10) with a similar incidence of hypoglycemia [See Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

    In a randomized, controlled clinical study (Study G), patients with type 2 diabetes were randomized to 5 years of treatment with once-daily LANTUS or twice-daily NPH insulin. For patients not previously treated with insulin, the starting dose of LANTUS or NPH insulin was 10 units daily. Patients who were already treated with NPH insulin either continued on the same total daily NPH insulin dose or started LANTUS at a dose that was 80% of the total previous NPH insulin dose. The primary endpoint for this study was a comparison of the progression of diabetic retinopathy by 3 or more steps on the Early Treatment Diabetic Retinopathy Study (ETDRS) scale. HbA1c change from baseline was a secondary endpoint. Similar glycemic control in the 2 treatment groups was desired in order to not confound the interpretation of the retinal data. Patients or study personnel used an algorithm to adjust the LANTUS and NPH insulin doses to a target fasting plasma glucose =100 mg/dL. After the LANTUS or NPH insulin dose was adjusted, other anti-diabetic agents, including pre-meal insulin were to be adjusted or added. The LANTUS group had a smaller mean reduction from baseline in HbA1c compared to the NPH insulin group, which may be explained by the lower daily basal insulin doses in the LANTUS group (Table 10). Both treatment groups had a similar incidence of reported symptomatic hypoglycemia. The incidences of severe symptomatic hypoglycemia are given in Table 6 [See Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

    Table 10: Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus–Adult
    Study EStudy FStudy G
    Treatment duration52 weeks28 weeks5 years
    Treatment in combination withOral agentsRegular insulinRegular insulin
    LANTUSNPHLANTUSNPHLANTUSNPH
    Number of subjects treated289281259259513504
    HbA1c
    Baseline mean9.08.98.68.58.48.3
    Adj. mean change from baseline-0.5-0.4-0.4-0.6-0.6-0.8
    LANTUS - NPH-0.1+0.2+0.2
    95% CI for Treatment difference(-0.3; +0.1)(0.0; +0.4)(+0.1; +0.4)
    Basal insulin dose (*)
    Baseline mean141544.145.53944
    Mean change from baseline+12+9-1+7+23+30
    Total insulin dose (*)
    Baseline mean141564674853
    Mean change from baseline+12+9+10+13+41+40
    Fasting blood glucose (mg/dL)
    Baseline mean179180164166190180
    Adj. mean change from baseline-49-46-24-22-45-44
    Body weight (kg)
    Baseline mean83.582.189.690.710099
    Adj. mean change from baseline2.01.90.41.43.74.8
    (*) In Study G, the baseline dose of basal or total insulin was the first available on-treatment dose prescribed during the study (on visit month 1.5).

    LANTUS Timing of Daily Dosing (see Table 11).

    The safety and efficacy of LANTUS administered pre-breakfast, pre-dinner, or at bedtime were evaluated in a randomized, controlled clinical study in patients with type 1 diabetes (study H, n=378). Patients were also treated with insulin lispro at mealtime. LANTUS administered at different times of the day resulted in similar reductions in HbA1c compared to that with bedtime administration (see Table 11). In these patients, data are available from 8-point home glucose monitoring. The maximum mean blood glucose was observed just prior to injection of LANTUS regardless of time of administration.

    In this study, 5% of patients in the LANTUS-breakfast arm discontinued treatment because of lack of efficacy. No patients in the other two arms discontinued for this reason. The safety and efficacy of LANTUS administered pre-breakfast or at bedtime were also evaluated in a randomized, active-controlled clinical study (Study I, n=697) in patients with type 2 diabetes not adequately controlled on oral anti-diabetic therapy. All patients in this study also received glimepiride 3 mg daily. LANTUS given before breakfast was at least as effective in lowering HbA1c as LANTUS given at bedtime or NPH insulin given at bedtime (see Table 11).

    Table 11: LANTUS Timing of Daily Dosing in Type 1 (Study H) and Type 2 (Study I) Diabetes Mellitus
    Study HStudy I
    Treatment duration24 weeks24 weeks
    Treatment in combination with:Insulin lisproGlimepiride
    LANTUSLANTUSLANTUSLANTUSLANTUSNPH
    BreakfastDinnerBedtimeBreakfastBedtimeBedtime
    Number of subjects treated (*)112124128234226227
    HbA1c
    Baseline mean7.67.57.69.19.19.1
    Mean change from baseline-0.2-0.10.0-1.3-1.0-0.8
    Basal insulin dose (U)
    Baseline mean222321192019
    Mean change from baseline522111818
    Total insulin dose (U)NA (**)NANA
    Baseline mean525249
    Mean change from baseline232
    Body weight (kg)
    Baseline mean77.177.874.580.78281
    Mean change from baseline0.70.10.43.93.72.9
    ** total number of patients evaluable for safety(*)   Intent to treat(**) Not applicable
  • Drug Information Provided by National Library of Medicine (NLM).
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